MULTI-STAKEHOLDER PROCESSES IN INDONESIA
Definition : Individuals, groups, institutions and organizations which (should) help to implement and sustain the project and/or will likely be affected by the project.
Public Sector (Government agencies, research Institutes), Private Sector (e.g trade organisations, logging associations, indivisual companies); civil society (e.d (indigenous) communities, NGO’s).
Stakeholders are both suppliers and users of information.
Stakeholder involvement in the identification process of the project proposal is particularly important for creating ownership in order to ensure full commitment of stakeholders.
The required inputs and actions from the various stakeholders should be carefully identified.
|Stakeholders||Central objectives||Perceptions of value|
|Government of Indonesia (MOF/forest agencies and provincial government) IFP company Rubber company Local community||Long-term sustainability of forest resources Contribution to national and regional forest and economic development Promote land productivity and environmental quality Financial gain from sale of timber Financial gain from sale of rubber Contribution to livelihood system (income and security)||Source of timber Environmental protection Job opportunities Source of timber for exploitation Source of rubber and gum for extraction Job opportunities Source of agricultural land (agroforestry)|
Rich Picture of the Stakeholders :
Indicators for Assessment :
Stakeholder identification and analysis: i.Description of the identification process of stakeholders ii.Analysis of dependency for project implementation on stakeholders iii.Description of the potential role of identified stakeholders
Steps for Stakeholder Analysis:
–Draw up stakeholder table: (i) list all stakeholders; (ii) list their interests; (iii) make a preliminary assessment of the likely impact of the policy reform on those interests.
(i) list all stakeholders; (ii) list their interests; (iii) make a preliminary assessment of the likely impact of the policy reform on those interests.
– Assess the likely influence and importance of stakeholders to the policy implementation process: what are their anticipated behaviors?
–Indicate the relative priority to be given to meeting or challenging the interests of each stakeholder.
–Identify appropriate stakeholder participation: (i) discuss with individual stakeholders the role they should play; (ii) summarise key stakeholders’ roles at different stage of the policy cycle
Lessons Learned :
•A good impact of a learning process
•On-going procees come to a good governance process
•Increasing understanding that program development is not an instant process, but a continous process
•Variaty on stakeholders views is a source of valuable information
•Lack of commitment to follow-up (a long term commitment among stakeholders is needed on a participatory approach)
•The boundaries of the dialogue were not clearly established early on
•Stakeholders not equally represented
•Lack of action at the operational level
•Contradictory may happened between local and national regulations based